If you ever appeared before Carol Higbee JSC you would quickly learn she is a well considered even handed jurist who is not deserving of the attacks being leveld by the defense. On the other hand her recent opinion shines some light on how far some counsel may go in defending litigation. Rather than editorializing you can read the opinion below for yourself and draw your own conclusions.
Roche has filed this motion and asked this Court to recuse itself
based on allegations of real or perceived bias against the defendant. Having considered the briefs
and arguments of the parties as well as the applicable law, the Court denies the motion.
(!) uTlte Judiciary ofNew Jersey is an equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer” 6
By Order of the Supreme Court ofNew Jersey dated May 2,2005 all Accutane cases,
except for a few specific cases, were assigned to this Court. This included pending cases and all
cases to be filed by plaintiffs alleging injury as a result of the ingestion of Accutane, which is
sold by the defendant.
Background on the Management of Accutane
The Court has managed the Accutane litigation using the same general management
techniques employed for all mass torts assigned to it over the years. The Court maintains close
supervision over the litigations. The management techniques include in-person management
conferences everyone to two months. Decisions made at these sessions result in orders binding
on all cases in some instances, and in a specific group of pending cases or even a single case in
These management conferences are designed to make the management of hundreds or
even thousands of cases feasible. These management conferences last for hours. Most are for at
least four hours. Many last all day. Agenda items are submitted by the parties in advance so that
all issues can be placed on the table at each conference. In addition, the parties are encouraged
to request short telephone management conferences on any specific limited dispute that arises
between the parties between management conferences. The parties are discouraged from filing
motions on discovery issues, summary judgment issues, and similar topics until the issues have
been raised and discussed at conferences. Motions are routinely filed each month on pro hac
vice admissions and out-of-state commissions, etc. and they are handled outside of the
This level of management means counsel and the Court interact regularly in informal
settings as these conferences are usually held in a meeting room rather than a courtroom. These
conferences are generally recorded from beginning to end. There have been discussions held off
the record, both in the meeting room and in chambers, but these are exceptions to the Comt’s
rule of recording even all day management conferences. Occasionally counsel from both sides
have requested to speak with the Comt ex parte and such discussions have been held with the
permission of counsel from the other side. These usually relate to personal issues such as illness,
family, etc., but over the years have involved some more general litigation issues, but are
conducted only after the adversary consents.
Accutane probably has in excess of twenty-five thousand pages of transcripts out of
which the parties have cited to a few in this application. In addition, at oral argument the parties
acknowledged that this Court has made literally over a thousand rulings on contested issues. The
COUlt tends to speak to counsel bluntly, honestly and at times forcefully when needed. The
COUlt understands and respects the difficult job the lawyers for both plaintiffs and defendants
have in representing their respective clients and the resulting enormous pressures on all counsel.
Disqualification is governed by Rule 1: 12-1 which addresses bias as a reason for recusal
and includes in part (g) “when there is any reason which might preclude a fair and unbiased
hearing and judgment or which might reasonably lead counselor the parties to believe so.” See
Ferren v. City of Sea Isle, 243 N.J. Super. 522,526 (App. Div. 1990). Rule I :12-2 specifically
allows any party on motion to seek disqualification of a Judge, but such motion should be filed
“before trial or argument.” Obviously, this is to prevent a party from waiting to obtain a ruling
or a verdict in a trial, and only then move for recusal of a Judge if a decision is unfavorable. The
motion must be made to the trial Judge being sought to be disqualified. See State v. McCabe,
201 N.J. 34,35 (2010); Bennett v. Stewart, 155 N.]. Super. 326 (App. Div.), certif. denied, 77
N.J. 468 (1978). “It is not only unnecessary for a judge to withdraw from a case upon a mere
suggestion that he is disqualified; it is improper for him to do so unless the alleged cause of
recusal is known by him to exist or is shown to be true in fact.” Hundred E. Credit Com. v. Eric
Schuster Corp., 212 N.J Super. 350, 358 (App. Div.), certif. denied,107 N.J. 60 (1986) (citing
Clawans v. Schakat, 49 N.J. Super. 415,420-21 (App. Div. 1958), certif. denied, 27 N.J. 156
(1958). However, a party seeking recusal need not “prove actual prejudice on the part of the
court to establish an appearance of impropriety; an objective reasonable belief that the
proceedings were unfair is sufficient.” DeNike v. Cupo, 196 N.J. 502, 517 (2008).
Appearance at DID Conference
The Court is frequently asked to participate in educational conferences on mass tort
litigation and the Court lectures at one or two such conferences annually. Attorneys who attend
can receive CLE credits. The Court has declined many such requests to lecture for various
reasons. To avoid any appearance of bias, the Court asks if, and insists that, the program be open
to members of both the plaintiff and the defense bars. If lawyers participate in a presentation, a
plaintiffs attorney and a defense attorney must be on the panel. For most presentations, Judges
from other jurisdictions have also participated.
DRI is an association of defense lawyers that calls itself “the Voice of the Defense Bar.”
The conference the Court appeared at in May 2012 was organized by the Drug & Medical
Device Committee of the DR!. The panel, which was selected by the organizers, included Judge
Moss from Philadelphia and a defense lawyer and a plaintiffs lawyer. The plaintiffs lawyer,
David Buchanan, is well known in pharmaceutical litigation and has appeared before this Court;
as has defense counsel who has also participated in conferences at which this Court has
appeared. The mass tort bar is a relatively small and specialized group of attorneys. Many of the
attorneys across the country know each other and appear in litigation together as co-counselor
adversaries in several venues where mass tort litigation is ongoing.
In addition to Judge Moss, Judge Fallon, a well-respected Federal Judge with whom this
Court worked in VIOXX® litigation with and who manages some of the most difficult MDL
cases, appeared at the conference. A plaintiffs attorney involved in litigation before him, and
who served on a plaintiffs’ steering committee, appeared with Judge Fallon on the panel. This is
common and, to this COUlt’s knowledge, has never been questioned until this motion was filed.
This Court’s planned attendance was well known to all counsel. As was customary, a list of dates
the courtroom will be “dark” was provided to the attorneys for the parties. This is a list of whole
or half days when either the Court, or at times counsel, is not available for trial. Generally, in a
six week trial there are several dates where the trial is not in session. Counsel can be guided
accordingly in scheduling witnesses and preparation days.
When preparing for a seminar, this Court usually confers with other panelists only once
before the conference to generally discuss the format, the time each member of the panel will
speak, the order ofpresentation, whether there will be a question and answer portion, whether
any of the panel members will use power point, etc. The details of each of our individual
presentations are almost never discussed. Rather, there is ordinarily a general discussion of the
division of topics to assure there is no overlap. Other than such general discussions, there would
be no discussion of what Mr. Buchanan or any other panelist would speak about. As such, any
suggestion that Mr. Buchanan and this Court engaged in improper ex parte communications is
without merit. This Court is well aware that “a judge should not confer or meet with one party or
attorney to the exclusion of the adversary unless there is express consent, or unless necessary on
an aspect or matter having nothing to do with the merits or ultimate disposition of any issue.”
Zuckerman by Zuckmerman v. Piper Pools, Inc” 232 N.J. Super. 74, 80 CAppo Div. 1989). The
conversation with Mr. Buchanan, preparatory for the conference, did not pertain in any way to
the Accutane trial. In fact, no general legal issues were discussed.
Defense counsel never gave any indication they had even the slightest concern about the
Court’s appearance with plaintiffs counsel at this conference. It was expected that some defense
attomeys from the Accutane litigation would attend, and they did. The same plaintiffs attomey
is also counsel in Fosamax® litigation and some defense attorneys from that litigation were
present and thanked the Court for attending. Consequently, no one could reasonably conclude
that this Court’s participation in the conference demopstrated bias towards one side or the other.
As to this Court’s actual lecture, defense counsel suggests the Court discussed the
Accutane litigation. This Court is almost always asked to advise the audience about what cases
are pending before it and the status of the litigation. This Court does not have notes from the
conference. The Court requested a transcript of the conference, but there was no recording
made. The Court believes it listed all the litigations that were aggregated before the Court at the
time of the conference. This Court believes it gave the same type of introductory remarks it gives
on most occasions. The Court listed each type of litigation with some brief infOlmation such as:
I) Fosamax – This Court has X number of cases. It has had one bellwether trial in
New Jersey with a verdict for the defense. There have been X number of federal
trials with X verdicts for plaintiff and defendant. The amount of the verdict was
X. The Court anticipates a future bellwether trial on femur fractures since all
prior trials have involved jaw problems.
2) Accutane – There are X cases filed. There have been X bellwether trials. The
verdicts have been as follows: XXx. The defendants are not engaged in
settlement negotiations and have indicated they want to have additional trials.
We are trying to schedule them as soon as possible and the next one is on X date.
3) Levaquin – There are X cases pending before this Court. There has been one
bellwether trial with a defense verdict. There has been one federal trial with a
4) Pelvic Mesh – There are X cases pending before this Court involving both
Gynecare and Bard cases. Counsel is currently preparing bellwether pool of cases
so this Court can try its first case in the near future.
5) Bristol-Myers Squibb – This is an environmental litigation. There are X cases
before this Court. The Court is currently managing this litigation and hope to
schedule the first trial in the near future.
6) Stryker Trident – There are X number of cases pending before the Court.
7) Reglan – There are X number of cases etc.
This Court proceeds through all the cases that have been given multi-county litigation
status before it. Defense counsel claims the Court’s statement that they are not settling these
cases demonstrates bias. However, defendants usually tout the fact that they are not settling cases
as a way to discourage new cases from being filed. Defense counsel in this case or in any other
case has never suggested to the Court they wanted to keep secret that they were not paying to
settle cases. The opposite has occurred. Nothing was said about Accutane that was not public
record and/or well known. Legal rulings or legal issues relating specifically to Accutane were
There were two topics the Court did talk about in order to provide lawyers, of whom the
majority were defense lawyers, some general guidance that it thought would be of benefit to
them. Attorneys attend these conferences to leam something that can help them in their practice
and if the Court gives them no advice, it is wasting their time and money.
This Court discussed two topics that were especially pertinent to the mass tort bar: Kemp
motions and Lone Pine Orders. First, Kemp motions. Kemp v. State, 174 N.J. 412 (2002) is the
seminole case in New Jersey on the admissibility of scientific opinions by an expert. The
purpose ofKemp/Daubert/w motions is to prevent expert witnesses from giving an opinion to
a jury that has no scientific basis. It is designed to avoid “junk science” from becoming evidence
in a case. The Court’s comments neither addressed Accutane or any other specific litigation nor
defended any rulings it has made. This Court simply pointed out that parties, both plaintiffs and
defendants in pharmaceutical litigation, frequently file Kemp motions to bar every expert and
every opinion of their adversary’s experts. This Court made three points as it recalls. First, it is
more difficult to prevail on these motions where the expert being proffered is a leading scientist
in a field from a respected national center, such as the Cleveland Clinic or Mayo Clinic, who has
published hundreds of peer review articles and textbook chapters in their field. These motions
can be granted, but there should be some careful analysis as to their merit before filing them,
because the standard for review is whether the expert employed scientific methodology. Second,
the Court told the audience, many of whom were in~house counsel who pay the legal fees for
these motions, that it is an uphill battle and frequently a waste of the client’s money to attack
every expert on every opinion with a Kemp motion. Third, this Court suggested parties would
have a greater chance of success if they focused on a specific expert and/or a specific opinion of
an expert, instead of wholesale attempts to exclude every expert and all opinions. The Court
recommended that a focused attack on an expert opinion would have more credibility and have a
better chance of success in any litigation, rather than a shotgun approach. This had no
applicability to the Accutane litigation at all, because plaintiffs have used the same two expe11s
in every trial. The Appellate Division already determined that plaintiffs’ expert used a proper
scientific methodology. The Kemp motion on this expert has been ruled on, appealed and then
affirmed three times, and has been ruled on again before every trial. The comments made in the
Court’s lecture in no way reflected on the specific issues in any particular litigation.
Second, in the case of “lone pine” rulings, these are also applications frequently made to
multi-county litigation judges. The purpose of such a motion is to weed out cases with no merit.
The problem is that the words “lone pine” are the subject of controversy in legal literature. The
words create a strong reaction from the plaintiffs bar who almost always fight aggressively to
avoid entry of “lone pine” orders.
This Court made a few points about “lone pine” motions. First, the term comes from an
unpublished New Jersey Law Division case Lore v. Lone Pine Corporation, L-33606-85, 1986
N.J. Super. Unpub. Lexis 1626 (App. Div. Nov. 18,1986), which has no precedential value on its
own even in New Jersey. The case involves a toxic tort action against a landfill and hundreds of
defendants who allegedly dumped products at the landfill. The judge first stayed all discovery,
then ordered plaintiffs to produce expert reports on each damage claim being asserted by each
plaintiff, including causation repOlts, before allowing any discovery from the defendants. The
“lone pine order” gave plaintiffs six months to produce these reports. Plaintiff did not comply.
The plaintiffs lawyer claimed he had been distracted by family obligations that arose from the
illness and then death of his father. The judge gave plaintiffs two more months, and then found
the very limited single expert report plaintiff submitted was inadequate. The judge dismissed
plaintiffs’ complaints with prejudice for failure to state a claim. Clearly, the judge thought the
plaintiffs did not have and would have never had the proof needed to succeed in their case. In the
decision he accused plaintiffs of filing a suit just to force defendants to come up with settlement
money. Despite its lack of precedential value, the case has been cited in many decisions in mass
tort cases where judges have ordered plaintiffs to produce repOlts or evidence to substantiate
their claims. In most of these decisions, the facts, the timing, and the actual orders are far from
what was ordered in the actual Lone Pine case.
At the conference, this Court described the facts above and advised that when defendants
file a motion and request a “lone pine order” by that name or cite that case, it creates an almost
reflex reaction from plaintiffs’ counsel causing more fireworks in a case as well as the loss of
The point made by the Court to the attorneys was thatl although most courts would
probably not order expert reports from plaintiff before any other discovery was completedl the
concept of weeding out cases without merit was very important to judges. The Court then said
there were certainly motions that would be helpful to weed out meritless cases. It suggested that
motions to compel prescription records to prove that plaintiff used a product and/or medical
records documenting the claimed injuries could be used to weed out meritless claims early in
litigation. The Court encouraged defense counsel to file these motions, but not cite “Lone Pine”
as the authority. It stated they might be more successful in getting plaintiffs’ counsel to agree to
their request and/or getting ajudge to grant the relief requested if the motion was not called a
“lone pine” motion. The Court encouraged plaintiffs l counsel to assist in the effort to separate
the wheat from the chaff. Nothing the Court said at this conference could create even a
perception of bias against the defendant Hoffmann-La Roche or defendants in general.
Claims of Bias based on Judge’s Comments and Role in Discovery Proceedings
The defendant raises the question about the Court’s role in managing discovery, pretrial
issues, and some critical comments made to defense counsel by the Court. In our adversary
system, trial lawyers from both sides tend to be very suspicious of each other, with each side
accusing the other of not disclosing information or trying to get an unfair advantage. All trial
judges deal with these types of complaints almost every day. Judges struggle to maintain civility
in litigation. This Court tries to prevent bickering, suspicion and even paranoia at times among
the lawyers before it. The Court discourages accusations being made against each side by the
other, but it also must stay alert to and acknowledge that one side or the other may be hiding
information, taking unfair advantages and/or playing games with the system. This Court is
responsible for maintaining a fair playing field under the rules of law. At times, this means
finding fault, taking action to get to the truth and at all times being in control of the proceedings.
Unfortunately, there have been several events over the years that have raised serious
concerns about representations made by counsel to the Court. Plaintiffs’ counsel frequently
raises concerns that defense counsel is delaying the case and providing incomplete discovery. 1
In order to avoid further delays when there are discovery disputes and accusations between the
parties, the Court attempts to avoid long hearings to determine which party may be at fault.
Rather, the Court’s goal has been to ensure both sides have what is needed to proceed in the
litigation. Two examples of these efforts are set forth below.
Very early in the litigation, the plaintiffs complained to the Court that their expert witness
had mistakenly called Ice Miller (a Chicago based law film representing the defendant) and that
although Ice Miller knew they should not talk to plaintiffs’ expert (who thought he was talking to
plaintiffs’ counsel), the expert engaged in a discussion with Ice Miller. Ice Miller’s counsel
represented to the Court that there was no actual discussion and as soon as the expert identified
himself, Ice Miller cut off the conversation. They acknowledged this was what should have been
done. Plaintiffs, based on their conversations with their expert, questioned this representation
and asked that any notes or memos of the conversation be turned over. This Court ordered that
any notes and memos be produced, and it turned out that there had, in fact, been a discussion
with the expert and a memorandum documenting the conversation was created at the time and
then distributed to some other attorneys in the firm. The actual information obtained was not
I Similar issues arose before Judge McCoun in the federal Multi-District Litigation on Accutane. The MDL Court
found Michael Griffinger had misrepresented to the court the availability of discovery materials in response to
Plaintiff’s document requests. As a result, Mr. Griffinger’s pro hac vice admission was rescinded. Upon petition by
Mr. Griffinger, the Order rescinding his appearance was vacated and he was permitted to voluntarily withdraw his
significant, but defense counsel’s failure to be candid with the Court about what had occUlTed
resulted in this Court revoking the pro hac vice admissions of the attorneys from Ice Miller. No
appeal was filed.
At a later point in the litigation, allegations were brought before the Court that the
individual plaintiffs were being harassed and embarrassed during their depositions by several
different attorneys representing the defendant. The pattern of questioning suggested there was an
intentional plan to intimidate and harass plaintiffs. The defendant adamantly denied these
allegations. The deposition questions shown to the Court included questions about anal sex and
religion. The questions went far beyond anything that was appropriate, including follow-up
questions such as asking why a Catholic plaintiff did not attend mass regularly. There was no
medical expert who related anal sex to the disease process. This Court made it clear that the
questions were outrageous and different defense counsel asking the same questions in
depositions scattered across the country was disturbing. This occurred at a management
conference. At a break, in chambers, a defense attorney asked to speak ex parte with the
permission of plaintiffs’ counsel. She came into chambers, she said she was having difficulty
not crying, and proceeded to explain that she had been given a “script” of the questions to ask.
She stated she was sorry and would not engage in such behavior again. She was concerned about
repercussions. In the end, the Court did not sanction any counselor the defendant, but ordered
such deposition questioning to stop. This Court has always understood the pressure attorneys for
plaintiffs and defendants are under in litigation. The Court’s role is to control the way the
litigation is conducted so both sides have a fair playing field. It did that in this case. This Court
counseled the individual defense lawyer about personal integrity and took no further action.
These are just two of several incidents that have created difficulty for the Court to appear
evenwhanded in the face of contradictory representations made by defense counsel during the
course of the litigation. The conflicting representations give the appearance of defense counsel
initially being less than candid with the Court and only being forthright after the Court took
The fact is that the Court has applied the same approach to both defense and plaintiffs’
counsel. Generally, the Court accepts representations from either side and questions
representations only when there is reason to question them on both plaintiffs side and the
defendant’s side. However, defendant’s counsel have been less respectful to the Court, less
candid in their representations to the Court, and much more difficult to deal with than plaintiffs’
counsel when it comes to any type of compromises to move the litigation forward. This Court is
not addressing decisions regarding settlement, which have never been a factor in any of the
When defendant accused plaintiffs’ expert on causation of deleting part of an e-mail
chain, the Court took steps to make sure the defendant got the deleted information. The deletion
created a situation where information was improperly withheld from defendant and the Court
addressed the situation at the time. Whether the Court’s subsequent evidential rulings were
correct is not a proper argument to be raised in this motion.
This COUli will not defend its decision not to allow the Racine study to be used by the
defense at the last trial. This trial resulted in two defense verdicts and two plaintiffs verdicts.
This case will be appealed by one side or the other or both, and the COUli’s decision will be
properly reviewed at that time. There is no question, however, that the same defense attorney
who the Court had the prior discussion with about the harassment of plaintiffs in depositions,
improperly redacted portions of the e-mail chain between a defense expert and others without
noting it in a privilege log. The Court did call another defense attorney from another firm back
into chambers with other attorneys from both sides to discuss another part of the same issue. The
Court did question her actions as an officer of the court. When the attorney stated she wanted
the conversation on the record, the Court replied “that’s too bad.” The Court then explained to
counsel that it wanted to discuss the matter off the record because the Court was considering
withdrawing her pro hac vice admission. The Court did not want to create a record that could be
used against the attorney if she applied for admission to another court and this Court decided not
to take such action. Because defense counsel requested the discussion be on the record, the
Court then went out on the record. Defense counsel then asked the Court to seal the record so
that the transcript could not be used against her in another court. The Court agreed to this
request. To use any of this to suggest the Court has a bias against the defense, as opposed to
acknowledging the Court’s actual attempts to fairly handle a difficult situation with concern for
the attorneys’ and the parties’ welfare, is not justified.
In Litehy v. U.S” the Supreme Court stated:
The judge who presides at a trial may, upon completion of the evidence, be
exceedingly ill disposed towards the defendant, who has been shown to be a
thoroughly reprehensible person. But the judge is not thereby recusable for bias or
prejudice, since his knowledge and the opinion it produced were properly and
necessarily acquired in the course of the proceedings, and are indeed sometimes
(as in a bench trial) necessary to completion of the judge’s task. As Judge Jerome
Frank pithily put it: “Impartiality is not gullibility. Disinterestedness does not
mean child-like innocence. If the judge did not form judgments of the actors in
those court-house dramas called trials, he could never render decisions.” In re 1. P.
Linahan, Inc., 138 F.2d 650, 654 (CA2 1943). Also not subject to deprecatory
characterization as “bias” or “prejudice” are opinions held by judges as a result of
what they learned in earlier proceedings. It has long been regarded as normal and
proper for a judge to sit in the same case upon its remand, and to sit in successive
trials involving the same defendant.
[510 U.S. 540, 550-51 (1994) (emphasis added)].
In the case ofHom v. Village Supermarkets Inc., the court held “a trial judge has the
ultimate responsibility to control the trial in the courtroom and is given wide discretion to do so.”
260 N.J. Super. 165, 175 (App. Div. 1992). In the unpublished decision of Lennox v. Grossman,
the Appellate Division stated that if the litigant’s “subjective point of view were enough to
trigger a disqualification, forum shopping could run amok.” A-0271-08Tl, 2009 N.], Super.
Unpub. Lexis 2576, *15 (App. Div. Oct. 15,2009). In the case of Ex parte American Steel Barrel
Co., the Supreme Court stated “the recusal statute ‘was never intended to enable a discontended
litigant to oust a judge because of adverse rulings made.” 230 U.S. 35,44 (1913).
None of the Court’s comments to counselor questions about the credibility of counsel at
different times could reasonably be perceived as being based on a bias against the defendant or
counsel. None of the Court’s comments referred to by the defendant at argument have been
abusive, and none have been in front of any jury. In the over 1,000 decisions made by this Court
in this litigation, the COUl1 has always been completely even-handed and fair. Rulings on very
significant issues have been made in favor of both sides. This does not mean every decision will
be affirmed. The defendant at oral argument suggested the Court had become biased because the
Court is “frustrated” by the rulings of the higher court in this litigation. There is no merit to this
argument. Complex pharmaceutical litigation involves teams of highly skilled lawyers from
numerous law firms representing both plaintiffs and defendant. This type of litigation involves a
constant flurry of difficult and often cutting edge legal issues. When this Court started to handle
pharmaceutical litigation, two of this Court’s earliest decisions were appealed. In one case, the
Appellate Division affirmed this Court’s decision.2 The Supreme Court then reversed and
2 See International Union of Operating Engineers Local # 68 Welfare Fund v. Merck & Co” Inc., 384 N.J. Super.
275 (App.Div. 2006).
remanded.3 In the second case, the Appellate Division reversed and remanded this Court’s
decision,4 but the Supreme Court reversed the Appellate Division and the matter was remanded
to this Court to reinstate the judgment dismissing plaintiffs complaint.5 From that early point in
the Court’s assignment to multi-county litigation, it became apparent that this Court was not in
Kansas anymore, and every ruling would be scrutinized and some reversed. This does not
frustrate the Court. It makes the job challenging and interesting.
The Court is also not frustrated that the litigation has not settled. When there had been
two verdicts in favor of the plaintiffs and there were only a few hundred cases filed, the Court
encouraged the defendant and plaintiffs to settle the cases. For whatever reasons, the opportunity
got away and now there are thousands of cases. This is likely much more frustrating to the
parties than to the Court. The Court continued to encourage settlement negotiations between the
parties with an outside mediator until they ended over a year ago. The lack of candor by defense
counsel who claimed in his certification with this motion that he has been handling settlement
negotiations implied there are still ongoing negotiations. This is disturbing. At oral argument,
counsel acknowledged that at least for a year and maybe closer to two years, there have been no
settlement discussions. This lack of candor is another example of the Court being placed in the
position of having to ask counsel to clarify what appears to be a contradictory statement about
3 See International Union of Operating Engineers Local No, 68 Welfare Fund v. Merck & Co.. Inc., 192 N.J. 372
4 See Sinclair v. Merck & Co.. Inc., 389 N.J. Super. 493 (App.Div. 2007).
5 See Sinclair v. Merck & Co” Inc., 195 N.J. 51 (2008).
Accordingly, for all of the reasons set forth above, the Court denies the motion.